Retirement for disability and chronic diseases among workers at the Municipality of Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, 1990-2009

OBJECTIVE: To describe the causes of retirement for permanent disability among workers at the Municipality of Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, associating them with sociodemographic factors. METHODS: An epidemiological survey was conducted from January 1990 to December 2009, using data on the employees of the municipality of Uberlândia. RESULTS: Were evaluated 403 retirements. In 46% of these individuals were younger than 50 years. Most (96%) retired due to illness. Mental and behavioral disorders (22.6%) and diseases of the musculoskeletal system (23.6%) were the most frequent reason of retirement when it was determined because single or multiple causes, respectively. The male individuals retired older and with more service time contribution. Still, the time lost productivity was higher in this genre. CONCLUSION: The study revealed the negative impact of non-communicable chronic diseases in a population of working age, with a high percentage of early retirements. Public policies in the occupational context with the objective of promotion, prevention and rehabilitation of workers constitute mandatory actions to reverse this situation.