Risk factors for non-communicable chronic diseases in quilombo communities in northern Minas Gerais, Brazil

Abstract Introduction The behavior of Chronic Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs) is still unknown for certain groups. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of risk factors for NCDs in a sample of quilombo communities. Methods This is a cross-sectional study carried out through household surveys in quilombo communities in the north of Minas Gerais. Information on socio-demographic profile, dietary and behavioral habits, body mass index and self-reported morbidity were collected. Results A total of 756 people were interviewed, mostly women (64.2%) with low or no schooling (60.1%). The prevalence of the main risk factors were: 23.5% for high consumption of soft drinks, 41.8% for consumption of meat with fat, 40.7% for consumption of chicken with skin, 66.1% for low consumption of fruits, 26.9% for use of salt directly on the plate, 24.1% for smoking, 31.6% for excessive use of alcoholic beverages, 63.9% for physical inactivity and 47.9% for overweight. Men and people with less education had more risk factors. Self-reported morbidity was more prevalent among people over 40 years of age. Conclusion The results highlight the high prevalence of risk factors for NCDs in the evaluated communities. Health promotion and educational interventions are needed to mitigate the observed situation.