Simultaneous prestack seismic inversion in a carbonate reservoir
Abstract We applied a method of Simultaneous Prestack Seismic Inversion (SPSI) in a hydrocarbon field located in the Campos Basin, Brazil. The goal was to study the application of this method to Albian carbonate rocks of the Quissamã Formation. Based on what is found in nearby fields, this Formation potentially contains hydrocarbon accumulations that can be revealed with the inverted models. P-wave velocity (Vp), S-wave velocity (Vs) and density (ρ) curves along seven wells were used as inputs to construct 3-D initial models of acoustic impedance (Zp), shear impedance (Zs) and ρ. Wells without Vs and ρ curves had those values calculated from well-established equations. Final 3-D models were calculated from deviations in linear relationships between the logarithms of Zs and Zp, as well as between ρ and Zp, which were merged with the initial models. Interpretations of the inversion results were conducted based on patterns found along well logs such as resistivity (ILD), gamma ray (GR), density (RHOB), neutron porosity (NPHI) and sonic (DT). These analyses provided criteria to select the best inverted models. These models show low impedance anomalies that are consistent with previous studies performed with the well logs. One well in particular was interpreted as having high potential to contain hydrocarbons. This well shows an impedance pattern that allowed us to highlight other areas with the same pattern throughout the entire seismic volume.