Speech-Language-Hearing intervention in vestibular rehabilitation with the use of technologies: an integrative literature review

ABSTRACT Purpose: to perform an integrative literature review regarding the Speech-Language-Hearing intervention in vestibular rehabilitation with the use of technologies, presenting the most applied ones, as well as their effectiveness and possible biases. Methods: a search was performed on the PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS, Scopus and SciELO databases, using as search strategy, the keywords: dizziness OR postural balance AND vestibular rehabilitation. Studies carried out by at least one audiologists and which addressed vestibular rehabilitation with the use of technologies as the study object, were included. The publication period set was from 2008 to 2018. During the evaluation of these articles, a quantitative analysis, a characterization of the included studies and an evaluation of their level of evidence and results were performed. Results: six articles, published between 2013 and 2018, were chosen. Most studies (n=4) applied Nintendo WiiTM versions during interventions. Among the authors, nine were audiologists. Three studies were clinical trials, two were observational studies without a control group and one was a case study. Conclusion: it was verified that the Speech-Language-Hearing Therapy has been applying technologies in vestibular rehabilitation interventions. However, publications regarding this modality of therapy are scarce in the literature and still lack robust scientific evidence.