Statistical analysis of mechanical properties of mortars with fly ash and waste tire rubber

Abstract This article aims to perform statistical analysis on the inclusion effects of waste tire rubber and fly ash from thermoelectric plants as mortar components for coating buildings. Reference mortars and mortars containing 5% and 10% rubber with a maximum grain size of 0.71 mm and mortars containing fly ash particles with a diameter of 45 μm were produced. Mortars containing rubber replaced 5% and 10% of the fine aggregate mass by this material and fly ash was added in 10% and 20% proportions compared to the cement volume. A 3² factorial experiment was performed on the mechanical properties of the compressive strength of mortars, applying analysis of variance (ANOVA) and surface response. The rubber waste material contributed to the decrease in compressive strength of the mortar and that factor displayed the highest significance in the response variable.