TEMPORAL DYNAMICS OF CLIMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS AND HYDRIC BALANCE IN THE MANAGEMENT OF AGRICULTURAL CROPS

ABSTRACT One of the main factors that determine the success of decision-making in the fields is the climatic factor. This way, the geostatistical techniques have been used to represent and understand the spatial or temporal dynamics of meteorological parameters. Therefore, the aim of this research was to represent temporally through thematic maps, the average daily behavior for meteorological variables and the hydric balance for the municipality of Patos de Minas - MG. The climatic data were acquired from the automatic station INMET from the years 1990 to 2015. Later, it was calculated the evapotranspiration and the hydric balance for different capacities of available water in the soil (CAW): 24 mm, 48 mm, 80 mm and 112 mm. The climate variables showed temporal dependence, and through the thematic maps, derived from the ordinary Kriging, it was possible to identify the seasons of the year that are favorable for the production for the different crop groups.