TRACTIVE DEMAND, SOIL MOBILIZATION PARAMETERS, AND CORN YIELD IN COMPACTED OXISOL
ABSTRACT Direct seeding systems are characterized by soil disturbance only occurring in the sowing line and the maintenance of the remaining area is achieved by covering with crop residues. Without total area soil mobilization as recommended by the no-tillage system, associated with the increase in the degree of soil compaction caused by the traffic of agricultural machinery, there can be a decrease in crop productivity. This study aimed to evaluate machine parameters, soil mobilization, and corn yield as a function of different furrow opener working depths (0.065, 0.095, 0.125, and 0.150 m) and evaluate the direct seeding of winter ground cover plants (black oat or forage turnip) in compacted Oxisol. The experiment was arranged in strips, in a randomized block design, with eight treatments and four replications. The deepening of the furrow opener shank increased the strength and power required at the drawbar in the seeding operation, as well as increased the soil mobilization in the seeding line. However, it did not prove to be an efficient management practice to increase corn productivity.