The impact of stroke on the quality of life of children and adolescents

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of life (QoL) of children/adolescents with a diagnosis of stroke (CVA) in the eyes of the person responsible and the children / adolescents themselves compared to a control group. 78 subjects were divided into: Group of children / adolescents who had a history of stroke (GAVC, n = 39) and a group of healthy children/adolescents as Control (CG, n = 39) matched by gender and age. A semi-structured interview was used to describe the sociodemographic aspects and the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQLTM 4.0) to evaluate the QoL of the subjects in their development. The median age of the diagnosis of stroke was 7 months, with the majority presenting ischemic stroke (71.8%) and hemiparesis.According to those responsible for the GAVC, the Functional Capacity of their children was significantly different, presenting inferiority in relation to the CG. Also, for those in charge, the father’s educational variable maintained a significant positive effect on the emotional aspects of the child, and the variable age of the child /adolescent and stroke time> 29 days of life had a negative effect on the school aspects. As for the children / adolescents, the variable age that entered school and gender had a significant negative effect on the outcome of school aspects in relation to the CG. We conclude that the view of those responsible differs from the child/adolescent’s view of their functional capacity; the father’s schooling positively influenced the emotional aspects of the child and the children feel a loss in school performance, especially the boys.