The school environment and its performance: analysis of the scores obtained by schools from the state of Espírito Santo in the nationwide exam Prova Brasil, using multiple linear regression
Abstract This article describes the relationship between the school environment and its performance. The study observed the score obtained in the nationwide school evaluation exam called Prova Brasil (2013) by the schools that are part of Espírito Santo’s educational system, analyzing them through multiple linear regression. The sample consisted of 244 schools and 10 environmental variables were analyzed, of which 3 formed the regression model by the stepwise method: Index of Teacher Regularity, Indicator of Teacher Stress and Abandonment Rate. The variables obtained 47.9% of association with the score obtained in Prova Brasil and explained 22% of the score’s variation. In addition, the variables are subject to management from civil servants working in the state’s educational system. The findings reinforce the importance of the school environment, as well as of the teacher, as a way to reduce — through the school — the effects of the unfavorable family and social background.