DECOMPOSING THE GINI INDEX BY ECONOMIC ACTIVITY FOR BRAZIL IN 2015
ABSTRACT This article presents an estimation of the Brazilian Gross Value Added (GVA) for 127 employment shares and 64 economic activities, based on the year of 2015. Continuous National Household Sample Survey (PNAD) microdata was reconciled with National Accounts data by means of the World Inequality Database (WID). Disaggregation was achieved for 64-economic-activity after applying a RAS biproportional balancing procedure, which considered, on the one hand, the distribution of GVA by activity of Brazilian Tables of Resources and Uses, and, on the other hand, the distribution by population shares from WID. From the results, it was possible to analyze the relative distribution of the employment shares in the value added for each and every economic activity, to construct a ranking of economic activities by degree of progressivity, to simulate the trajectory of inequality between 2012 and 2019 - assuming constant concentration ratios and changing the participation of each activity in the value added - and to calculate, separately for each final demand component and each economic activity, the Gini index that would prevail if the final demand were comprised of each component of the demand or of each economic activity exclusively.