Dynamics of fungicide in chemical control of Phakopsora pachyrhizi in soybean plants subjected to different water regimes
ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to evaluate the dynamics of chemical control of Phakopsora pachyrhizi in soybean plants subjected to different water regimes. The experiment was conducted in the experimental area of Phytus Institute, in Itaara city, central region of Rio Grande do Sul, in 2012/2013 harvest. The experimental design was completely randomized, with four replications in a factorial arrangement (2x6). The first factor was composed of two water regimes: 1) water deficit (50-60% of field capacity); 2) no water deficit (90-100% of field capacity). The B factor was four time intervals between fungicide application and rainfall simulation (0, 30, 60 and 120 min), a witness to application without rain and a control without fungicide application. In application the active ingredients trifloxystrobin + prothioconazole (60.0 + 70.0 g i.a.ha-1) with the addition of Aureo(r) at a dose of 0.375 Lpc ha-1 were used. The parameters evaluated were the number of days until the first pustule preview of Asian rust, disease severity, yield and grain yield. It was found that the fungicide application in plants under water deficit provides the greatest number of days until the first pustule preview. A rainfall simulation has great effect in removing fungicides no matter the water regime. The control of P. pachyrhizi in plants under water deficit was effective, resulting in increased productivity.