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Educational technologies and practices for prevention of vertical HIV transmission

posted on 08.08.2018, 02:46 by Ana Carolina Maria Araújo Chagas Costa Lima, Karine de Castro Bezerra, Deise Maria do Nascimento Sousa, Camila Teixeira Moreira Vasconcelos, Janaína Fonseca Victor Coutinho, Mônica Oliveira Batista Oriá

ABSTRACT Objective: to assess available evidence on educational technologies and practices for prevention of vertical HIV transmission. Method: LILACS, PubMed, Scopus, BDENF, between April and May 2016, with the descriptors: “Vertical Transmission of Infectious Disease”, “HIV”, “Health Education” and “Technology”. Results: there are 16 articles published between 2000 and 2014, mostly Brazilian and African, Cross-sectional and with low level of evidence. The studies covered the use of hard technologies, through video, radio and telephone, and soft, emphasizing, in particular, counseling. Conclusion: the studies recognize the importance of educational activities as a tool for health promotion in the context of vertical HIV transmission, despite reporting the need for constant training of professionals and urgency in the renewal of educational concepts and practices. Therefore, it is recommended to expand and consolidate health counseling and emphasize the role of nurses as an important actor in this setting.