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GASTROESOPHAGEAL SYMPTOMS AFTER LAPAROSCOPIC GASTRIC BYPASS: MISTAKES IN PERFORMING THE PROCEDURE?

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posted on 18.06.2022, 08:28 authored by Italo BRAGHETTO, Owen KORN, Luis GUTIÉRREZ, Andrés TORREALBA, Jorge ROJAS

ABSTRACT - BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LGB) is the recommended procedure for morbidly obese patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). However, there have been reported gastroesophageal reflux symptoms or esophagitis after LGB. Few functional esophageal studies have been reported to date. AIM: To evaluate the anatomic and physiologic factors contributing to the appearance of these problems in patients who underwent LGB. METHODS: This prospective study included 38 patients with postoperative gastroesophageal reflux symptoms submitted to LGB. They were subjected to clinical, endoscopic, radiologic, manometric, and 24-h pH-monitoring evaluations. RESULTS: Eighteen (47.4%) of 38 patients presented with heartburn or regurgitation, 7 presented with pain, and 4 presented with dysphagia. Erosive esophagitis was observed in 11 (28.9%) patients, and Barrett’s esophagus (5.7%) and jejunitis (10.5%) were also observed. Hiatal hernia was the most frequent finding observed in 15 (39.5%) patients, and most (10.5%) of these patients appeared with concomitant anastomotic strictures. A long blind jejunal loop was detected in one (2.6%) patient. Nearly 75% of the patients had hypotensive lower esophageal sphincter (9.61±4.05 mmHg), 17.4% had hypomotility of the esophageal body, and 64.7% had pathologic acid reflux (% time pH <4=6.98±5.5; DeMeester’s score=32.4±21.15). CONCLUSION: Although rare, it is possible to observe gastroesophageal reflux and other important postoperative symptoms after LGB, which are associated with anatomic and physiologic abnormalities at the esophagogastric junction and proximal gastric pouch.

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