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HETEROTOPIC OSSIFICATION AFTER SPINAL CORD INJURY: PREVENTION AND TREATMENT - A SISTEMATIC REVIEW

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posted on 2023-07-18, 07:43 authored by CINDY YUKIE NAKANO SCHINCARIOL, EDUARDO MARTIN INSFRÁN ECHAURI, ORCIZO FRANCISCO SILVESTRE, ALBERTO CLIQUET JUNIOR

ABSTRACT Trauma configures the main cause of spinal cord injuries. Patients with traumatic spinal cord injury often develop severe and debilitating outcomes that require multidisciplinary care to adapt patients to their new reality. Heterotopic ossification (HO) is one of the frequent comorbidities in these patients but it still lacks well-established treatments or a gold standard one. Thus, this systematic review aimed to search the current literature for HO treatment and prevention. This study was conducted following PRISMA recommendations (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis) and searches were conducted in three databases (PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science). A total of 193 articles were found in an initial search. After screening following the established criteria, eight articles were included in this review; of these, two reported prevention and the others, treatments. Based on data analysis, the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the acute post-traumatic period proved to be the best method of prevention. In cases of mature HO or accompanied by ankylosis, surgical resection proved to be the most effective treatment despite the high rate of postoperative infections. Level of Evidence III, Systematic Review.

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    Acta Ortopédica Brasileira

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