IDENTIFICATION OF RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH 30-DAY READMISSION OF PATIENTS SUBMITTED TO ANTERIOR OR POSTERIOR ACCESS CERVICAL SPINE SURGERY
ABSTRACT Aim: To conduct a systematic review of the literature to identify risk factors associated with 30-day readmission of patients submitted to anterior or posterior access cervical spine surgery. Methods: The databases used to select the papers were PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane, using the following search strategy: patient AND readmission AND (30 day OR “thirty day” OR 30-day OR thirty-day) AND (spine AND cervical). Results: Initially, 179 papers that satisfied the established search stringwere selected. After reading the titles and abstracts, 46 were excluded from the sample for not effectively discussing the theme proposed for this review. Of the 133 remaining papers, 109 were also excluded after a detailed reading of their content, leaving 24 that were included in the sample for the meta-analysis. Conclusions: The average readmission rate in the studies evaluated was 4.85%. Only the occurrence of infections, as well as the presence of patients classified by the American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) assessment system with scores greater than III, were causal factors that influenced the readmission of patients. No significant differences were noted when comparing the anterior and posterior surgical access routes. Level of evidence II; Systematic Review of Level II or Level I Studies with discrepant results.