Jambolan sherbets overrun, color, and acceptance in relation to the sugar, milk, and pulp contents in formulation

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate in sherbet formation the effects of sugar, milk, and jambolan pulp quantity on the overrun, color, physicochemical characteristics, microbiological characteristics, and acceptance of the experimental sherbets, in addition to evaluating the bioactive compounds of the selected product. Seven formulations were established through the Simplex method. The formulation with 20g 100g-1 sugar, 45g 100g-1 milk, and 35g 100g-1 jambolan pulp was selected (S5) because it was included among the most accepted sensorially (S4 and S5), and also presented higher overrun, chroma, SST/AT, and pH than S4, receiving the scores 8.0; 8.2, 6.4 and 7.1 and 6.1, respectively, for appearance, color, flavor, texture, and odor. The selected sherbet presented a high total phenolic compound content of 192mg gallic acid g-1, and a percentage of DPPH inhibition of 73%. It is concluded that it is possible to produce jambolan sherbet with desirable physical, chemical, microbiological, and sensory characteristics, which can increase the possibilities of applying the fruit as an ingredient in the edible ice cream industry.