STATE ESTIMATION AND TRAJECTORY TRACKING CONTROL FOR A NONLINEAR AND MULTIVARIABLE BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION SYSTEM
ABSTRACT In this paper a controller is proposed based on linear algebra for a fed-batch bioethanol production process. It involves finding feed rate profiles (control actions obtained as a solution of a linear equations system) in order to make the system follow predefined concentration profiles. A neural network states estimation is designed in order to know those variables that cannot be measured. The controller is tuned using a Monte Carlo experiment for which a cost function that penalizes tracking errors is defined. Moreover, several tests (adding parametric uncertainty and perturbations in the control action) are carried out so as to evaluate the controller performance. A comparison with another controller is made. The demonstration of the error convergence, as well as the stability analysis of the neural network, are included.