SiO2-saturated potassic alkaline magmatism in the central Amazonian Craton, southernmost Uatumã-Anauá Domain, NE Amazonas, Brazil
ABSTRACT: This paper approaches the record of SiO2-saturated potassic alkaline magmatism of Castanhal Quartz Monzonite, Mapuera Suite, and Ladeira da Vovó Quartz Syenite. These samples are located near the Northern border of the Amazon Basin. Such rocks show K2O + 2 > Na2O and K2O/Na2O < 2 values that confirm the potassic or shoshonitic character of these rocks. The Castanhal Quartz Monzonite contains less than 20% volume of quartz, which is also a characteristic of the shoshonitic or SiO2-satured potassic alkaline A-type magma signature observed on geochemical plots. Listric faults, representing the rifting phase of Amazon Basin formation, emplaced and reworked Ladeira da Vovó Quartz Syenite, which caused its granophyric texture, probably during the Tonian period. A group of 21 zircon crystals was extracted from a hornblende quartz monzonite and yields an average age of 1872 ± 6 Ma (MSWD = 2.4). However, an additional zircon crystal yielded a Trans-Amazonian age of 2062 ± 17 Ma. These potassic alkaline rocks of Orosirian (1872 Ma) age may correspond to a post-collisional setting. Dominantly negative εHft values and Hf TDM ages reveal a large contribution of a mafic crustal component from Mesoarchean to Neoarchean age (2.95 - 2.66 Ga), and a felsic crustal component from Neoarchean to later Siderian ages (2.51 - 2.34 Ga).