Stratigraphy, petrography and tectonics of the manganese-bearing Buritirama Formation, Northern Carajás Domain, Amazon Craton
Abstract The Buritirama Formation (BF) occurs at the extreme north of the Carajás Province, close to the contact with the Bacajá domain, in the southeastern portion of the Amazon Craton (Brazil). The BF consists of a 40 km long, ca. 3 km wide NW-SE trending structure arranged in four imbricated thrusts that individualize three main stratigraphic units. The lower unit is composed of orthoquartzite followed by carbonate-silicate rocks. The intermediate unit hosts a supergene manganese ore deposit formed by weathering of kutnohorite-rich marble. Quartzite/mica-quartz schist followed by carbonate-silicate rocks make up the upper unit. The local basement is constituted by orthogneiss-migmatite (Xingu Complex) and the Buritirama metagranite. Mineral chemistry data and metamorphic textures record high consumption of carbonate and quartz to produce clinopyroxenes. The structural assemblage of the BF records mass transport from NE to SW and the following deformational phases: D1 (compressional ductile), D2 (compressional brittle) and D3 (extensional brittle). The BF is interpreted as part of a platformal depositional system positioned at the border of the Carajás domain, which was probably inverted, deformed and metamorphosed during the Transamazonian event (ca. 2.1 Ga), in a deformation belt related to the amalgamation between the Carajás and Bacajá domains.