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Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Effect on Lipase-Catalyzed Geranyl Acetate Synthesis

posted on 18.06.2022, 08:32 by Matheus V. L. Tavares, Luís R. S. Kanda, Wanderson R. Giacomin Júnior, Luiz P. Ramos, Luciana P. S. Vandenberghe, Marcos L. Corazza

This work provides a general insight on lipase-catalyzed synthesis of geranyl acetate through esterification of geraniol with acetic acid. Although this reaction is relatively well known, the replacement of organic solvents by supercritical fluids is fairly recent and the role of CO2 is still not completely understood. Therefore, reactions were performed with Lipozyme® RM IM and Novozym® 435 as biocatalysts, and hexane and CO2 as solvents. For similar reaction conditions, geraniol conversions obtained using hexane were much higher, rather than supercritical CO2 (scCO2, 82.9% versus 12.0% after 4 h). The results obtained indicated that CO2 might help the migration of water from the enzyme surface to reaction bulk and then to the vapor phase. Thus, by increasing the vapor phase extension, the geraniol conversion enhanced to 60.5% after 4 h. Such improvement represents one step forward to comprehend the influence of CO2, a safer and greener solvent as compared to hexane.