Synthesis, Characterization and in vitro Anticancer Activity of Novel 8,4’-Oxyneolignan Analogues

posted on 05.12.2017 by Gisele C. Souza, Gilberto C. Franchi Jr., Alexandre E. Nowill, Lourivaldo S. Santos, Cláudio N. Alves, Lauro E. S. Barata, Carlos K. Z. Andrade

Neolignans are a class of natural products with a wide range of biological effects. These substances are of great synthetic and biological interest, especially in searching for novel anticancer agents. In this paper, we report the synthesis of a new subclass of 8,4’-oxyneolignan analogues (β-ketoethers and β-ketoesters) and their cell viability assay on twenty four different cancer cells, among leukemias and carcinomas. Three compounds inhibited the growth of most human cancer cells. 2-Oxo-2-phenylethyl(2E)-3-[4-(2-oxo-2-phenylethoxy) phenyl]prop-2-enoate showed an antiproliferative activity superior to doxorubicin for U-87, U-138 MG and H1299 cell types and (E)-2-oxo-2-phenylethyl 3-(3-methoxy-4-(2-oxo-2-phenylethoxy)phenyl)acrylate was found to be very selective, demonstrating a growth inhibition of 92.0% against KG-1 cells. Furthermore, 1-oxo-1-phenylpropan-2-yl cinnamate exhibited significant inhibition activity in a range of 52.2 to 91.2% against twelve kinds of leukemia cell lines, revealing excellent results and very comparable to the reference drug.