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The association among the consumption of ultra-processed food and body image, nutritional status and physical activity of pregnant women at the primary health care

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posted on 2023-07-18, 07:41 authored by Carolina Amaral Oliveira Rodrigues, Giselle Mara Mendes Silva Leão, Ruth Emanuele Silva Andrade, Rafael Silveira Freire, Lívia Castro Crivellenti, Marise Fagundes Silveira, Rosângela Ramos Veloso Silva, Maria Fernanda Santos Figueiredo Brito, Lucinéia de Pinho

Abstract Objectives: to analyze the consumption of ultra-processed food and its association with body image, physical activity, nutritional status and self-assessment on food of pregnant women enrolled in the Primary Health Care. Methods: this is a cross-sectional study carried out with pregnant women enrolled in the Family Health Strategy in the city of Montes Claros, Minas Gerais. Data were collected through a questionnaire. The dependent variable was the consumption of ultra-processed food, and the independent ones addressed body appearance, physical activity, nutritional status, self-assessment on food and food consumption. Descriptive analysis was carried out and for association of analysis, the linear regression model was used with crude and adjusted associations. Results: 1,185 pregnant women participated in the study. Caloric intake from ultra-processed food represented 32.0% of these women’s daily diet. There was an association between consumption of ultra-processed food and physical activity (β=-0.08; p<0.01), pre-gestional nutritional status (β=-0,12; p<0.01) and body image (β =0.08; p=0.01). Conclusion: the pregnant women presented high consumption of ultra-processed food. Having a negative body image, the lowest level of physical activity, and high pre-gestational nutritional status are conditions that influenced the consumption of these food.

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    Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil

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