The effects of the Paleolithic Diet on obesity anthropometric measurements

Abstract Comparing the effects of Paleolithic Diet (PD) and of a Guidelines Substantiated Diet (GSD) on anthropometric indicators of obese individuals. Randomized clinical trial. Obese patients were divided into two groups based on dietary prescription: PD and GSD. These diets encompassed 82 and 73 patients, respectively, who were followed-up for 60 days. Anthropometric measurements were taken before the beginning of the trial, at the 30th day of it and at the end of the experimental period. At the 60th experimental day, there was 26.8% treatment abandonment by individuals in group PD and 19.2% by the ones in group GSD; there was not difference between groups (p = 0.684). Weight and height measurements were taken in order to determine body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and hip circumference (HC), which allowed determining the waist/hip ratio (WHR). There was no initial difference between groups in demographic, socioeconomic, exercising and anthropometric variables (p > 0.05). Group PD recorded the highest weight (p = 0.003), BMI (p = 0.002) and WC (p = 0.033) values at the 30th experimental day. Group PD kept the highest weight loss at the 60th day (p < 0,001), as well as the highest BMI (p < 0.001), WC (p = 0.002) and WHR (p = 0.002) reduction. PD is a feasible option to treat obesity, it led to reduced anthropometric markers. Other studies are necessary to assure the safety of its use for longer periods of time.