HISTORICAL AND INSTITUTIONAL PERSPECTIVE BRAZIL'S NATIONAL TOURISM POLICY (1934-2014)
Abstract This paper analyzes the institutionalization of tourism in Brazil by identifying certain measures which helped constitute the country's National Tourism Policy (PNT). It is grounded on the assumption that these measures, taken at various historical moments, formed the backbone of the national policy and are relevant in any analysis of the topic. This assumption opposes theses brought forth by some Brazilian researchers, who claim that a tourism policy only existed from 1990 onwards. This study is based on a critical approach to tourism policy literature and on documentary research involving a survey of tourism-related legislation from 1934 to 2014.